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ENGLISH COMPOSITION & GRAMMAR

Adjectives and Adverbs
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Using Adjectives & Adverbs Properly

         Adjectives describe or modify nouns. They add information about what kind, which one, or how many.

 

         Use adjectives to modify nouns and pronouns.

The final exam was today.

It was long and difficult.

The three shiny new coins were on the dresser.

         Adverbs describe or modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They add information about how, how much, when, where, why, or to what extent.

 

         Use adverbs to modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.

Sharon enthusiastically accepted the job. (modifying verb)

The very young lawyer handled the case. (modifying adjective)

The team played surprisingly well. (modifying adverb)

         Choosing between Adjectives and Adverbs

That is an honest answer. (adjective)

Please answer honestly. (adverb)

COMPARATIVES

 

         Use comparatives to compare two things.

Carol ran faster than I did.

John is more intelligent than his sister.

         Form comparatives by adding er, more, or less

         If an adjective or adverb is short, add the ending –er.

         If an adjective or adverb has more than one syllable, add the word more or less.

SUPERLATIVES

         Use superlatives to compare three or more things.

Carol ran fastest of all the women.

John is the most intelligent of the children.

         Form superlatives by adding est, most, or least

         If an adjective or adverb is short, add the ending –est.

         If an adjective or adverb has more than one syllable, add the word most or least.

GOOD/BAD or WELL/BADLY

 

         Use good and bad as adjectives.

She has a good job.

 

         Use well and badly as adverbs.

He works well with his friends.

 

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Karen Silvestri ** English Department ** Fayetteville Technical Community College ** Fayetteville, NC ** kazsilvestri@yahoo.com